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About Bedding and Different Size for Different Countries

Bedding, also known as bedclothes[1] or bed linen, is the materials laid above the mattress of a bed for hygiene, warmth, protection of the mattress, and decorative effect. Bedding is the removable and washable portion of a human sleeping environment. Multiple sets of bedding for each bed will often be washed in rotation and/or changed seasonally to improve sleep comfort at varying room temperatures. In American English, the word bedding generally does not include the mattress, bed frame, or bed base (such as box-spring),[2] while in British English it does.[3] In Australian and New Zealand English, bedding is often called manchester.

A set of bedding usually consists of a flat or fitted bed sheet that covers the mattress; a flat top sheet; either a blanket, quilt, or duvet, sometimes with a duvet cover which can replace or be used in addition to the top sheet; and a number of pillows with pillowcases, also referred to as pillow shams. (See #Terminology for more info on all these terms.) Additional blankets, etc. may be added to ensure the necessary insulation in cold sleeping areas. A common practice for children and some adults is to decorate a bed with plush stuffed animals, dolls, and other soft toys. These are not included under the designation of bedding, although they may provide additional warmth to the sleeper.

Bedding materials
Lightweight white, solid-color or printed plain weave, satin weave, or flannel cotton or cotton/polyester blends are the most common types of sheeting, although linen and silk may also be used, including in combination. Goose or duck down and other feathers are frequently used as a warm and lightweight filling in duvets, comforters and quilts. But such fill can protrude in part even from tightly-woven fabric, and be an irritant for many people, particularly those with allergies. Natural and synthetic down alternatives are marketed. Cotton, wool or polyester batting is commonly used as fill in quilts and down alternative comforters. These are less expensive and more easily laundered than natural down or feathers. Synthetic fibers are best in the form of thermofused (where fibers cross) batting. Thick-woven or knitted wool, cotton, acrylic or other microfiber synthetics, or blends of these, are typically used for blankets.

Bedding sizes
Main article: Bed size
See also: Mattress  Mattress dimensions

Bedding sizes are made with consideration of the dimensions of the bed and mattress for which it is to be used. Bed sizes vary around the world, with countries having their own standards and terminology.

Mattress sizes can be categorized by their country of sale:

UK

Bed measurements Fitted sheet Flat sheet Duvet cover
UK Single
90 cm × 190 cm (35 in × 75 in)
90 × 190 × 41 cm 180 × 260 cm 135 × 200 cm
Euro Single IKEA size
90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in)
90 × 200 × 41 cm 180 × 260 cm 150 × 200 cm
UK Double
135 cm × 190 cm (53 in × 75 in)
135 × 190 × 41 cm 220 × 260 cm 200 × 200 cm
Euro Double IKEA size
140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in)
140 × 200 × 41 cm 220 × 260 cm 200 × 200 cm
UK King Size
150 cm × 200 cm (59 in × 79 in)
150 × 200 × 41 cm 225 × 260  cm 225 × 220 cm
Euro King IKEA size
160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in)
160 × 200 × 41 cm 265 × 275 cm 240 × 220 cm
UK Super King Size
183 cm × 200 cm (72 in × 79 in)
183 × 200 × 41 cm 280 × 290 cm 260 × 220 cm
UK Emperor
215 cm × 215 cm (85 in × 85 in)
UK Caesar
245 cm × 220 cm (96 in × 87 in)

European

 

Bed measurements Fitted sheet Flat sheet Duvet cover
Single
90 cm × 190 cm (35 in × 75 in)
90 × 200 × 20 cm 180 × 260 cm 135 × 200 cm
Double
140 cm × 190 cm (55 in × 75 in)
140 × 190 × 20 cm 220 × 260 cm 200 × 200 cm
King
160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in)
160 × 200 × 20 cm 265 × 275 cm 240 × 220 cm
Super King
200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in)
200 × 200 × 20 cm 280 × 290 cm 260 × 220 cm

[citation needed]

In Spain, standard mattress widths are 90 cm (35"), 105 cm (41"), 135 cm (53"), 150 cm (59"), 180 cm (71") and standard lengths 190 cm (75") and 200 cm (79"). Sizes are not named but are referred to by their dimensions in cm.

In Denmark standard sizes follow below table

Bed measurements standard long
Single bed 90 cm x 200 cm 90 cm x 220 cm
3/4 bed 140 cm x 200 cm 140 cm x 220 cm
Double bed 180 cm x 200 cm 180 cm x 220 cm

North American

The conversions to metric are rounded to the nearest whole centimeter.

Bed measurements Fitted sheet Flat sheet Duvet/quilt cover Comforters
Twin
38 in × 75 in (97 cm × 191 cm)
39” × 76 × 14”
(99 × 193 × 20 cm)
72” × 102”
(182 × 259 cm)
59” × 79”
(150 × 201 cm)
80” × 106”
(203 × 269 cm)
Twin XL
38 in × 80 in (97 cm × 203 cm)
39” × 80 × 14”
(99 × 203 × 20 cm)
72” × 114”
(182 × 290 cm)
59” × 102”
(150 × 259 cm)
80” × 106”
(203 × 269 cm)
Full
54 in × 75 in (137 cm × 191 cm)
54” × 76” x 15"
(137 × 193 × 20 cm)
87” × 102”
(221 × 259 cm)
80” × 80”
(201 × 201 cm)
100” × 106”
(254 × 269 cm)
Queen
60 in × 80 in (152 cm × 203 cm)
60” × 80” x 15"
(152 × 203 × 20 cm)
92” × 108”
(267 × 279 cm)
90” × 88”
(229 × 224 cm)
106” × 106”
(269 × 269 cm)
King
76 in × 80 in (193 cm × 203 cm)
76” × 80” × 15”
(193 × 203 × 20 cm)
110” × 114”
(279 × 290 cm)
90” × 102”
(229 × 259 cm)
112” × 106”
(284 × 269 cm)
California King
72 in × 84 in (183 cm × 213 cm)
73” × 85” × 15”
(185 × 216 × 20 cm)
111” × 114”
(279 × 290 cm)
94” × 104”
(239 × 264 cm)
114” × 106”
(290 × 269 cm)

Australian and New Zealand

Bed Measurements Fitted sheet Flat sheet Duvet cover
Single
91 × 191 cm
36 × 75 in
91 × 193 + 40 cm
36 × 76 +16 in
180 × 254 cm
71 × 100 in
140 × 210 cm
55 × 83 in
King Single
106 cm × 203 cm
41 × 80 in
107 × 203 + 40 cm
42 × 80 + 16 in
200 × 270 cm
79 × 106 in
160 × 210 cm
71 × 83 in
Double
137 × 191 cm
54 in × 75 in
137 × 193 + 40 cm
54 × 76 + 16 in
228 × 254 cm
90 × 100 in
180 × 210 cm
71 × 83 in
Queen
152 × 203 cm
60 × 80 in
152 × 203 + 40 cm
60 × 80 + 16 in
245 × 274 cm
97 × 108 in
210 × 210 cm
83 × 83 in
King
183 × 203 cm
72 × 80 in
182 × 203 + 40 cm
72 × 80 + 16 in
260 × 274 cm
102 × 108 in
245 × 210 cm
95 × 83 in

Japanese

Bed measurements Box sheet Flat sheet Duvet cover
Single
97 cm × 195 cm (38 in × 77 in)
100 × 200 × 30 cm 150 × 250 cm 150 × 210 cm
Semi-Double
122 cm × 195 cm (48 in × 77 in)
120 × 200 × 30 cm 170 × 250 cm 165x 200 cm
Double
140 cm × 195 cm (55 in × 77 in)
140 × 200 × 30 cm 180 × 260 cm 190 × 210 cm
Wide Double
152 cm × 195 cm (60 in × 77 in)
155 × 200 × 25 cm ×  cm ×  cm
Queen
170 cm × 195 cm (67 in × 77 in)
180 × 200 × 30 cm 220 × 250 cm 210x 210 cm
King
194 cm × 195 cm (76 in × 77 in)
200 × 200 × 30 cm 225 × 275 cm 230 × 210 cm
King Long
194 cm × 205 cm (76 in × 81 in)
× ×  cm 260 × 280 cm ×  cm

See also

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